The Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation (“Mintrud RF”) is planning to repeal up to 93% of outdated health and safety regulations that were adopted between 1917 and 1991. These regulations are not up to date and have completely lost their relevance to the modern reality.
Health and Safety management
As of 1 July 2019, employers are required to follow a revised procedure for the investigation of occupational accidents and illnesses (including acute poisonings).
The procedure sets out responsibilities and duties of the employer, head of department (foreman) and employees in case of an occupational incident or an illness. It also prescribes which forms must be completed (e.g. the N-1 form).
The Ministry of Social Policy has issued a clarification letter reminding that any enterprise with 50 or more employees must establish an internal labor protection service (OHS service) in accordance with the Model Regulation on the labor protection service adopted by Order No. 255 of 15 November 2004.
As of 20 January 2018, coal and oil shale mining and processing facilities are required to comply with the adopted Model Regulation on the industrial safety management system. Such organisations must use the provision of the adopted Model Regulation for the purposes of developing their internal documentation regulating industrial safety management.
The existing labour law clearly defines what kind of penalties employers are allowed to apply to their employees. The employer may only impose financial or disciplinary sanctions in cases set out by the Labour Code of the Russian Federation (Article 137). In such cases it is lawful for an employer to deduct certain amounts from an employee’s salary.
As of 29 August 2017, senior managers and heads of major hazard facilities will take the required occupational health and safety and industrial safety examination in accordance with the adopted regulation. The regulation imposes obligations on the state agencies that conduct the examinations. The examination is to be conducted by the Committee of Industrial Development and Industrial Safety (of the Ministry of Investments and Development) of Kazakhstan.